|If you need
to arrange a funeral or cremation in Pennsylvania, or are researching to
preplan a funeral, then this guide can hopefully help you. We have
outlined some of the main questions that you may have as you consider your
options for a funeral or cremation. Such as what your consumer rights
are, what costs you can expect, and what is legal with regards to Pennsylvania
state law and licensing.
How do you choose which
funeral home or cremation provider is right for your needs?
With some 1800 funeral homes
in Pennsylvania, around 1000 cemeteries and memorial parks, and some 500
crematories, it can be quite a task choosing a funeral home or cremation
provider. Most people usually consider recommendations from family,
friends or associates who have had prior experience of arranging a funeral.
However, you may either have not had any recommendations, or be requiring
something different. As people are shifting more towards cremation
as a disposition option, this can often mean people are seeking out new
service providers. Or, cost has become such a significant aspect
of death care these days, that many need to shop around to compare prices
between funeral homes.
All funeral directors in
Pennsylvania must be licensed and the State Board of Funeral Directors
regulates the licensure and practice of funeral directors. The State Board’s
functions include the formulation of necessary rules and regulations for
the proper conduct of the business or profession of funeral directing in
order to safeguard the interests of the public and the standards of the
profession. In addition, the Board fixes the time and place for the
examination necessary to obtain a license and, through its authorized inspector,
conducts inspections of funeral homes. Pennsylvania does have some strange
state laws when it comes to funeral practice. It is the only state
where funeral homes can only be owned by licensed funeral directors, and
the funeral home name MUST be in the name of the licensed funeral director.
An individual licensee can own no more than two funeral homes, and only
licensed funeral homes can sell some funeral-related products. Funeral
homes are also NOT allowed to serve food according to state law.
How do I find a funeral
home or cremation provider in Pennsylvania?
A comprehensive directory of
all the funeral homes in Pennsylvania is provided here on US Funerals Online,
organized by city and zip code order, making it simple for you to view
and find funeral providers near to you. We list ALL funeral providers for
free on our directory. If you are specifically looking for a budget
cremation provider, we would suggest you visit DFS
Memorials. DFS Memorials is a network of local, family-owned funeral
homes and crematories that offer affordable options to their local communities,
and can provide a direct cremation for an
Firstly it is advisable to
ensure that you are dealing with a licensed funeral director. Funeral
homes should display their licenses, or you can ask for their license number.
All funeral establishments are required to provide you with a General Price
List (GPL) when you make any inquiry regarding the cost of their services.
A GPL must state an itemized breakdown of all services and merchandise.
This is in line with the federal law on the sale of funeral services and
products. The funeral director also has to provide you with a Casket
Price List and a price list for burial vaults by law, plus disclose information
about ‘cash advances’, these are the upfront payments you must make for
services or products that the funeral director contracts from a third party.
Cash advances are usually such things as death certificates and other permits,
funeral flowers, obituary notices & minister or celebrant services.
Do you want a burial or
This is probably the first thing
you need to decide upon. Burial is still by far more common in Pennsylvania
with over 70% of funerals being burials. Across much of rural Pennsylvania
residents are still opting to utilize family cemetery plots. However,
our death care traditions are changing, and cremation is certainly becoming
more popular. You obviously have to do what is right for your circumstances,
taking into account the wishes of the deceased and such things as funds
for funeral expenses, location of the deceased etc.
DFS Memorials is a network of
affordable cremation providers, all local family-owned funeral businesses,
that guarantee to provide a basic direct cremation at a low cost.
If you are simply looking for your cheapest option for arranging a funeral,
you should locate your nearest provider. It is possible to
arrange a direct cremation in the cities of Philadelphia and Pittsburgh
for around $1,000. In rural areas, where there is not as much competition,
the costs may be higher.
What is the cost of a
funeral or cremation in Pennsylvania?
This is the million-dollar question
that many people turn to searching online to find out. Unfortunately,
many within the funeral profession do not believe in disclosing their prices
on their websites or in advertising. The reason being that often
when you ask “how much does a funeral cost”, it can be synonymous with
“how long is a piece of string”…which really means “how much can you afford
to spend”? It is fair to say that the cost of a funeral does vary
significantly, even in the same area for equivalent services. For
this reason it is highly recommended that you shop around and compare costs
Can I conduct a ‘Home
funeral’ in Pennsylvania?
Yes, nothing in Pennsylvanian
law states that you must use the services of a funeral director.
However, if the family plans not use a funeral director but wishes to remove
the body through a family member, the Department of Health will instruct
the hospital not to release the body until the family files the death certificate
with a local registrar and returns to the hospital with the burial (disposition)
permit in hand as evidence of the family’s having filed the death certificate.
This assumes the body is not dead of a contagious disease.
It is quite common in rural parts of Pennsylvania for family to choose
to coordinate their own service and burial on a family cemetery plot.
and transferred directly to
the crematory. No service is conducted before the cremation.
However, a memorial service can be conducted by the family once the cremated
remains are returned. This is the simplest and cheapest means of
disposition today. Cremated remains can be buried in a cemetery plot
or cremation garden, inurned in a columbarium, kept at home, or scattered.
About 37,000 Pennsylvanians
are currently cremated each year. Cremation is cheaper than burial,
which is why many are opting for it. A cremation with service can
be conducted just the same as a standard funeral service, with the body
in repose, but then a cremation is performed after the service as opposed
to a burial. This can mean that no cemetery plot, burial vault or
casket is required. A casket is not required for cremation purposes
but a combustible cremation container is required. Many funeral homes will
offer a rental casket for the purposes of a service or viewing. A
direct cremation simply means that the deceased is collected
There is a mandatory 24-hour
waiting period in Pennsylvania before a cremation can be performed.
This is common practice across the U.S., although the period differs between
24 and 48 hours between states.
What are burial and cemetery
plot requirements in Pennsylvania?
As mentioned above, you can
bury your loved one on your private cemetery plot, if you have one. Nothing
in state law prohibits a burial on private, family property. The family
should check with the local zoning or code enforcement officer. Apparently,
Philadelphia and Pittsburgh have ordinances prohibiting human burials anywhere
but in an established cemetery. If you require a cemetery burial
plot in Pennsylvania then it is recommended that you research in detail
with the cemetery of your choice. All cemeteries have their own policies
regarding specific criteria for vaults, grave liners and grave markers.
Pennsylvania law does NOT require that a vault is needed or indeed a casket
or coffin. The Federal Funeral law states that you do NOT have to
purchase a casket from your funeral director, and your funeral director
CANNOT refuse to accept a casket purchased online.
impose their own regulations as a standard to maintain their grounds.
Vaults help to maintain the integrity of the burial plot, especially as
the ground is subjected to extremes of heat and cold in the Pennsylvanian
climate. The imposition by cemeteries can also be considered another
aspect of the profitability of the death care industry.
There are many small family
cemeteries across rural Pennsylvania, where a small plot of land is encased
by a fence and holds the family entombments. If you are considering
using private land as a family burial plot, do ensure that you consult
lawyers so that the deeds are written such that the family can still gain
access if ever
the land is sold. Note:
there are state laws governing the movement of interred remains.
Perpetual care is the maintenance of the cemetery, including the grounds,
roads and any buildings or mausoleums. It does not usually specifically
include maintenance of monuments, so you should check what provision is
in place for any ongoing care for grave markers, especially if any subsidence
Can I preplan a funeral
or cremation? How does Pennsylvania state law govern preneed plans?
Preplanning a funeral is a good
way to save surviving family the emotional and financial burden of a funeral.
These days it can also be a wise choice when the funds allotted to a funeral
plan are not taken into account if you later require senior aid and are
In Pennsylvania preneed contracts
must be funded through a trust account or an escrow account, and only licensed
funeral directors can sell preneed funeral contracts. Cemeterians
can sell preneed goods.
Another alternative is to
consult a funeral home, decide upon your needs, document your wishes and
set aside appropriate funds in a payable-on-death (POD) account or Totten
Trust. This is where you identify a beneficiary who can draw the funds
on your death, without the need for probate. There are also a number
of online resources now for documenting your wishes, so that they are accessible
by family when the need arises.
Is Embalming required
by law in Pennsylvania?
No, embalming is NOT required
by law, although if the body is being transported out-of-state or out of
the U.S. embalming may be required. Some entombment mausoleums may
have stipulations about embalming. A funeral director may recommend
embalming if a visitation is required prior to the funeral, and although
embalming may help to delay decomposition it does not prevent it completely.
If you do not want to have your loved one embalmed, there is no law stipulating
it, unless for public health reasons. Do not be pressurized into embalming
unless it is really required due to reasons of delaying the funeral, or
for viewing purposes.
What are my options for
purchasing a casket or alternative container?
Fortunately you can now purchase
a casket from a third party seller. This was brought about by the
Federal Trade Commission’s (FTC) ‘funeral rule’. It gives you the
right, as a consumer, to be able to purchase a casket from a source other
than your funeral home. This can significantly save you costs on
your overall funeral expenses. It used to be that the price for a
standard casket from a funeral home could start at around $2,500, as funeral
homes added a huge mark-up to the wholesale price. But now you can
purchase a standard casket for as little as $995. We would just advise
that you ensure you are dealing with a reputable casket retailer.
Most reputable dealers can ship a casket anywhere within the United States
on next day delivery. Your funeral home has to accept your casket
and cannot add a surcharge for handling it.
What are the laws for
scattering ashes in Pennsylvania?
With the increase in cremation,
ash scattering is becoming more popular, and yet many people are unsure
just what laws govern their right to scatter remains. Pennsylvania
has some beautiful rural lands making it a wonderful place to conduct an
ash scattering ceremony. Cremated remains are considered sterile and are
organic in nature. In fact the phosphates that make up part of cremains
are actually a natural fertilizer.
You can legally scatter remains
on private land as long as you have permission of the landowner.
There are 120 State Parks in Pennsylvania and the scattering of ashes is
permitted with Bureau approval. Individuals can pursue approval by discussing
their intentions with the park manager of the state park site they are
interested in. The park manager will need to know details such as
time, date, process, and location as part of the approval process, and
may approve this activity provided there are no conflicts or operational
issues. Park approval may be verbal or in writing and there is no
charge for this approval.. Ashes must be obtained after cremation
by a legitimate funeral establishment. The relevant State Park can be contacted
who are most needy and
have no money to cover funeral costs. This will only be minimal assistance
for the most basic of services.
What help is available
with funeral expenses in Pennsylvania?
It is a sad reality of the world
we live in today that more and more people are finding themselves unable
to pay for the cost of a funeral. There are benefits for veterans
and their spouses to assist with a funeral. You should visit our
section on veteran’s funerals for more information on this. Social
security does pay out $255 for those who have worked long enough and qualify,
and most local Human Services will have some allowance to help those
What do you do if your
loved one dies away from Pennsylvania?
These days with a more mobile
population deaths can commonly occur away from home. If a death occurs
in another state you will need to make arrangements to transport the body
back to Pennsylvania. A funeral home at the place of death will need
to assist you in collecting the body and preparing it for transportation.
Another option is for a cremation to be conducted at the place of death,
and the cremated remains then shipped home. To learn more about what to
do when a loved one dies away from home visit our funeral shipping page.
Are whole body donations
permitted in Pennsylvania?
Donating a body to science is
growing as a new alternative end-of-life solution. If you are interested
in an anatomical gift, further information about donating a body in Pennsylvania
can be found on our Body Donation page. US Funerals Online is affiliated
with Medcure, a nationwide anatomical gift organization, who offers a no-cost
donation and return the cremated remains to the family within 3 – 4 weeks.
There are other institutions in Pennsylvania that do accept body donations,
but you need to check the details carefully. Some institutions charge
for the donation process, and it can take some considerable time for cremated
remains to be returned to the family.
What should you do if
you have a complaint about funeral services or products you have purchased?
The State Board of Funeral Directors
regulates the licensing of funeral directors in the commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
If you have a complaint regarding the services or products you have purchased
from a funeral director, you can make a written complaint to the Pennsylvania
Funeral Directors Association's Grievance Committee.
Grievance Committee c/o PFDA,
7441 Allentown Boulevard, Harrisburg, PA, 17112
Alternatively, you can also
contact the Pennsylvania Cemetery Cremation and Funeral Association (PCCFA)
which is the association of funeral directors, cemetery and crematory businesses.
They serve to support industry professionals and consumers in the sale
and purchase of funeral services in the state.
Pennsylvania Cemetery Cremation
and Funeral Association (PCCFA)
100 S. 21st Street, Harrisburg,
Funeral homes and cremation
providers in the commonwealth of Pennsylvania serve the residents of Adams,
Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Bedford, Berks, Blair, Bradford, Bucks, Butler,
Cambria, Cameron, Carbon, Centre, Chester, Clarion, Clearfield, Clinton,
Columbia, Crawford, Cumberland, Dauphin, Delaware, Elk, Erie, Fayette,
Forest, Franklin, Fulton, Greene, Huntingdon, Indiana, Jefferson, Juniata,
Lackawanna, Lancaster, Lawrence, Lebanon, Lehigh, Luzerne, Lycoming, McKean,
Mercer, Mifflin, Monroe, Montgomery, Montour, Northampton, Northumberland,
Perry, Philadelphia, Pike, Potter, Schuylkill, Snyder, Somerset, Sullivan,
Susquehanna, Tioga, Union, Venango, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Westmoreland,
Wyoming, and York counties.
||Expert Author: Sara
Sara is the Editor in Chief
for US Funerals Online and has been researching and writing about the death
care industry in the US for the last 5 years.
a low cost cremation provider in Pennsylvania
Last Revised: 06/08/2013
Homes in Pennsylvania